Prostate cancer is the malignant growth of the prostate gland. When the prostate cancer progresses, it invades the neighboring cells, deforming the internal and external structure of the prostate; subsequently, it can slip out of it and invade neighboring organs, such as the seminal vesicles, the bladder and the rectum. In advanced stages of the disease, through the lymphatic and blood vessels, cancer cells spread to distant sites, such as the lymph nodes and bones, which is called metastasis. The growth and spread of prostate cancer depend on the presence of the male hormone (testosterone).
When prostate cancer is diagnosed, we can find it in one of three phases:
Prostate cancer in its early stages does not produce symptoms, these usually appear when it is advanced. The symptoms that we list below can be found in some patients, but they are not exclusive of prostate cancer:
If the cancer has spread outside the prostate gland, a man may experience these symptoms:
There are risk factors associated with prostate cancer, some are variable and others are not:
In Colombia, it is recommended a Screening for prostate cancer for patients over 50 years old. This test should be performed annually:
To evaluate the extent of prostate cancer there are several tests that can offer information of specific points that at a certain time could be compromised by the disease. Some examples:
There are several alternatives to manage prostate cancer. Before taking an option the specialist will evaluate your age, other associated diseases and general physical condition, the state of your pathology according to your clinical status, establish a risk category according to the characteristics of the tumor and define the purpose of the treatment, that means, if this will be done with curative intention (to cure the disease) or palliative (to reduce symptoms and improve their quality of life). These are the treatment options:
Healthy eating habits are vital for the body to function well.